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Understanding Assessments

Assessement documentation can be difficult to understand, and without proper understanding an assessment can not be used effectively when implementing a program for a student.

The following glossary has been created to provide information on the types of scores used in standarized assessments, as well as additional measurement terminology, and it includes terms used to describe cognitive functions. In addition, to helping understanding an assessment report, it will hopefully help in understanding information found on a student's Individual Education Plan. Link to glossary.

Assessments provide information on an individuals attributes and abilities. These may include, but are not limited to, cognitive functioning, visual-motor integration, attention, behaviour, academic achievement, and adaptive functioning. There are numerous standardized assessments available, too numerous to explain, but the following are explained as examples of what information an assessment might provide, as well as how that information is obtained.

The Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children - Fourth Edition

What is the WISC-IV?

The WISC-IV is a clinical tool used to:

  • Measure skills and abilities (not knowledge)

  • Help identify cognitive strengths and weaknesses as they relate to learning disabilities, executive functioning, attention disorders, brain injuries, and level of intellectual ability

  • Investigate the process used to develop a response

  • Help develop effective strategies to assist individuals

How is the WISC-IV structured?

The WISC-IV is made up of:

Note: The supplemental tests are not used when generating the Full Scale IQ score

The Wechsler Individual Achievement Test - Third Edition

What is the WIAT-III?

The WIAT-III is a tool used to:

  • Help identify academic strengths and needs

  • Assist in decision making regarding educational services, placements, and diagnoses

  • Assist in planning instructional objectives and appropriate strategies for assistance

How is the WIAT – III structured?

The WIAT-III is made up of:

SpecEdAssessments.jpg
Chart reference: http://pearsonassess.ca/haiweb/Cultures/en-CA/Products/Product+Detail.htm?CS_ProductID=WIAT-III-CDN&cs_Category=psychological-achievement-literacy-basic-skills&cs_Catalog=TPC-CACatalog

Adaptive Behaviour Assessment System - Second Edition

What is the ABAS-II?

  • A tool to assess adaptive skills over a lifetime (birth – 89 years)

  • A measure of what one can actually do (daily living skills) without assistance from others

  • It can be used to diagnose and classify disabilities and disorders and identify strengths and limitations

  • Information is also used in decision making and the development of effective interventions

Individuals complete a rating form based on age range and who is responding. Multiple raters will provide information on how an individual functions in a variety of settings.

  • Parent/primary Caregiver Form (0 – 5 years)

  • Teacher/Daycare Provider Form (2 – 5 years)

  • Parent Form (5 – 21 years)

  • Teacher Form (5 – 21 years)

  • Adult Form (16 – 89 years)

*Respondents can be any individual who is familiar with the daily activities of the individual being assessed.

The ABAS-II assesses individuals within three broad areas.  Each area addresses multiple skills.

  • Conceptual – communication, functional academics, self-direction
  • Social – social, leisure, self-care, home/school living
  • Practical – community use, work (for adults and working age youth; motor for infant/preschool), health and safety

Beery-Buktenica Developmental Test of Visual Motor Integration 6th Edition

What is the Beery VMI?

The Beery VMI is:

  • Screening tool used to asses visual-motor integration, or the degree to which an individual can integrate their visual and motor abilities (hand-eye coordination)
  • Early indicator of problems related to visual perception, motor coordination, or visual-motor integration

How is the Beery VMI structured?

  • A test of visual-motor integration
  • There are two supplemental tests, the VMI Visual Test and the VMI Motor Test, which can be used after interpreting the results from the Beery VMI

Reference for WISC-IV

Brainy-Child.com. (2012). Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children – fourth edition (WISC-IV). Retrieved March 29, 2012, from http://www.brainy-child.com/expert/WISC_IV.shtml

Jepsen, D. (2008). Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC-IV) [weblog]. Retrieved from http://www.schoolpsychologyblog.com/wechsler-intelligence-scale-for-children-wisc-iv/

Pearson Education, Inc. (2012). Clinical assessment: Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children – fourth edition (WISC-IV). Retrieved March 29, 2012, from http://psychcorp.pearsonassessments.com/HAIWEB/Cultures/en-us/Productdetail.htm?Pid=015-8979-044

Think Tonight. (2012). WISC-IV (Wechsler): Subtests and suggestions. Retrieved March 29, 2012, from http://www.thinktonight.com/WISC_IV_subtests_s/331.htm

Wikimedia Foundation, Inc. (2012). Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children.  Retrieved March 29, 2012, from http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Wechsler_Intelligence_Scale_for_Children

References for WIAT - III

Dumont Willis. (2001). Wechsler Individual Achievement Test, 2nd ed. (WIAT-II), The Psychological Corporation, 2001. Retrieved March 29, 2012, from http://alpha.fdu.edu/psychology/WIATII_descrp.htm

Jepsen, D. (2009). Wechsler Individual Achievement Test (WIAT) [Weblog]. Retrieved March 29, 2012 from http://www.schoolpsychologyblog.com/wechsler-individual-achievement-test-wiat/

Pearson Canada Assessment Inc. (2012). Wechsler Individual Achievement Test – Third Edition: Canadian. Retrieved March 29, 2012 from http://pearsonassess.ca/haiweb/Cultures/en-CA/Products/Product+Detail.htm?CS_ProductID=WIAT-III-CDN&cs_Category=psychological-achievement-literacy-basic-skills&cs_Catalog=TPC-CACatalog

Petrosky, E. (2009). Wechsler Individual Achievement Test – 3rd Ed. (WIAT-III): A primer. Retrieved April 3, 2012, from http://www.toolsforstudents.info/WIAT-III_A_Primer_by_Petrosky.pdf

References for ABAS-II

Stoelting Co. (unknown). Adaptive Behaviour Assessment System – Second Edition (ABAS – II). Retrieved April 3, 2012, from http://www.stoeltingco.com/stoelting/3206/1467/1497/Psychological/Adaptive-Behavior-Assessment-System--Second-Edition-ABAS-II-------

Western Psychological Services. (unknown). Adaptive Behaviour Assessment System – Second Edition (ABAS-II). Retrieved April 3, 2012, from http://portal.wpspublish.com/portal/page?_pageid=53,241092&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL

References for Beery VMI

Pearson Education, Inc. (unknown). Beery VMI classroom screening options: A Pearson Assessments occasional best practices paper.  Retrieved April 6, 2012, from http://www.pearsonassessments.com/NR/rdonlyres/43AEFB0A-4D54-4365-B0D4-D87A67185910/0/429410_Beery_VMI_WP_Lr_f.pdf%22

Pearson Education, Inc. (2012). Assessment and information: The Beery-Buktenica Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration.  Retrieved April 3, 2012, from http://www.pearsonassessments.com/HAIWEB/Cultures/en-us/Productdetail.htm?Pid=PAg105

Therapro, Inc. (2012). The Beery-Buktenica Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration 6th Edition. Retrieved April 3, 2012, from 
http://www.therapro.com/Beery-Buktenica-Developmental-Test-of-Visual-Motor-Integration-6th-Edition-BEERY-VMI-The-P322093.aspx

Western Psychological Services. (unknown). Developmental Test of Visual-Motor Integration (VMI) 6th Edition.  Retrieved April 3, 2012, from http://portal.wpspublish.com/portal/page?_pageid=53,272841&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL